Maps: Africa, Atlantic, New World, Slave Trade

  • Map, Bights of Benin and Biafra, Gulf of Guinea, 1840s-1850s

    Watercolor, pencil, and ink. This map highlights the Bight of Benin, but it shows much more. Extending east and southeast from the Volta River and Cape St. Paul (Ghana) to Cape Lopez and the Nazareth River (today, the Ogoou/Ogowa River) in present-day Gabon, this roughly drawn map identifies rivers and their estuaries, including the Niger Delta, and shows various geographical locales in the Bights of Benin and Biafra as well as the larger Gulf of Guinea with its offshore islands, e.g., Fernando Po, Prince's Island, St. Thomas (today, Bioko, Principe, Sao Tome). Two large trees (mangroves?) dominate the scene. See other image references UVA on this site. For background to this and other UVA images, see image reference UVA01.
  • Map of Corisco Bay, Equatorial Guinea/Gabon, ca. 1840s-1850s

    Pencil and crayon. Captioned by the artist Corisco Bay & its surroundings 40 miles from North to South. 20 miles from East to West. A rough map of Corisco Bay from Cape Esterias and the Gabon River in the south to Cape St. John and Batanga Bay in the north. Corisco Island (today part of Equatorial Guinea, formerly called Rio Muni) is in the center of the bay, between Cape St. John and Cape Esterias, with the two Elobi (Alobi,Elobey, Eloby) islets about 11 miles to the northeast. A French fort (established in 1842 or 1843) and a Presbyterian mission station, identified as ABCFM (i.e., American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions), established in 1842 among the Mpongwe people, are shown on Cape Esterias, at the northern estuary of the Gabon River; by present-day Libreville. An inset drawing in the lower left gives a view of Corisco Island, as seen from the west. Several mission stations are identified: from left to right, Alingo (Alongo, Elongo), ItÂndeluku, and Evangasimba; the small island of Laval is located approximately a mile distant. In 1850, the American Presbyterian Church (Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions) established a mission on Corisco Island in the belief that the island would be safer from disease than the mainland. Its first station was at Evangasimba, on the island's western side; this was followed not long after by Ugobi, two miles away toward the southern end, and then Elongo, three miles distant on the island's northern end. Sources: Historical Sketches of the Missions under the Care of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church (Philadelphia, 1891), pp. 20-21; Mary Kingsley,Travels in West Africa (London, 1897), pp. pp. 384-409; Robert H. Nassau, A History of the Presbytery of the Corisco (Trenton, N.J., 1888), pp. 5-11); Robert H. Nassau, Corisco Days: The First Thirty Years of the West Africa Mission (Philadelphia, 1910); John L. Wilson, Western Africa (New York, 1856), chapter 5. See other image references UVA on this site. For background to this and other UVA images, see image reference UVA01.
  • Map of Senegal and Wolof Empire, 1780s

    Caption, Carte d'une partie de la cote d'Afrique, pays des Ouolofs (map of a section of the coast of Africa, country of the Wolofs); shows extent of the Wolof Empire and identifies a variety of places and geographical features (e.g., Goree island, Gambia river). Villeneuve lived in the Senegal region for about two years in the mid-to-late 1780s. The engravings in his book, he writes, were made from drawings that were mostly done on the spot during his African residence (vol. 1, pp. v-vi). The same illustration appears in color in the English translation of Villeneuve; see Frederic Shoberl (ed.), Africa; containing a description of the manners and customs, with some historical particulars of the Moors of the Zahara . . . (London, 1821), vol. 2, facing p. 1.
  • Africa, early 18th cent.

    A colored map of the entire continent, giving a great deal detail on the interior. Title, authorship, and publication information is taken from the catalog of the Mariners Museum library which records the author as John Harris, 1667?-1719.
  • Africa, late 18th cent.

    Shows entire continent, with surrounding continental areas as parts of the Atlantic ocean. Title, authorship, and publication information is taken from the catalog of the library of the Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia.
  • African Diaspora

    Modern map showing major slaving routes from Africa to Old and New Worlds.
  • Atlantic Basin, 1720

    Shows the Atlantic ocean with parts of North. Central, and South America, Western and West Central Africa, Western and Southern Europe. Imprint data are taken from the Mariners' Museum catalog.
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