Enslaved Musicians and Dancers, Barbados, 1807-08
Detail from engraving shown in image reference Waller-1 which gives more information on the source. This detail shows dancers and musicians with the rattle and drum; clapping was also a form of instrumentation. For a discussion of the musical life of the enslaved in Barbados, see J. S. Handler and C. J. Frisbie, Aspects of Slave Life in Barbados: Music and its Cultural Context, Caribbean Studies (Vol. 11, 1972), pp. 5-46.
John A. Waller, A Voyage in the West Indies (London, 1820), facing p. 20.
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"Enslaved Musicians and Dancers, Barbados, 1807-08", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed April 10, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1000