Batuca Dance, San Paulo, Brazil, 1817-1820
Caption: Die Baducca, in S. Paulo, shows men and women dancing; a man playing a large rasp (left) and another a balafon/marimba-type instrument. Onlookers include a female hawker with her goods and small child as well as a European soldier. A somewhat modified version of this image was published in Alcide Dessalines d'Orbigny, Voyage pittoresque dans les deux Amèriques (Paris, 1836), facing p. 211, fig.1.
Johann Baptist von Spix, Reise in Brasilien in den jahren 1817-1820 (Munchen, 1823-31; reprinted Stuttgart, 1966-67), Atlas (originally published 1831), Plate 27, upper right.
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South America--Brazil--São Paulo
"Batuca Dance, San Paulo, Brazil, 1817-1820", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed April 5, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1003