Planting Rice, U.S. South, 1859
Gang of men and women preparing the ground and sowing seeds. Just before planting [during middle to end of March] the ground is first chopped or broken rudely, and then mashed, or more carefully and nicely prepared for the seed. On old and well-cleared plantations this work is sometimes done with the plow and the harrow, but more generally . . . with the hoe only (Richards, p. 726).
Harper's Monthly Magazine (1859), vol. 19, p. 726; accompanies article by T. Addison Richards, "The Rice Lands of the South" (pp. 721-38). (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)"
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North America--South Carolina
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