Gate & Slave Market at Pernambuco
An alternate title in list of plates is "View of Count Maurice's Gate at Pernambuco, with the slave market." This street scene shows enslaved Africans waiting to be sold, surrounded by Europeans. The engraving is derived from a painting made by the English artist Augustus Earle (1793-1838) who lived in Rio de Janeiro in 1820-1824. The 1824 Royal Academy annual exhibition catalogue identifies this painting as: "Gate of Pernambuco, in Brazil, with new negroes. The police ordering the slaves to be housed, on account of an attack made on one of the out-posts by the patriots, in 1821. Painted in Brazil. Augustus Earle, Esq. H[onorary]. During his stay in Brazil, Earle executed a number of works focusing on slavery." Maria Graham (née Dundas; 1785–1842), also known as Maria Lady Callcott, was a British writer of travel and children's books, as well as an illustrator. She went to Brazil on her return to England from Chile in 1823, which is the year Brazil declared their independence from Portugal. She stayed at the royal palace.
Maria Graham, Journal of a Voyage to Brazil, and Residence there during. . . 1821, 1822, 1823 (London, 1824), opposite p. 107. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-97202.
Image is in the public domain. Metadata is available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International.
"Gate & Slave Market at Pernambuco ", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed April 5, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1934