This village scene shows a Musgu chief in regalia with his horse in the foreground. Other villagers cook and pound grain with mortar and pestle in the background. Musgu are located to the south of Lake Chad in the Central Savanna. Barth described his arrival there in late 1851 (p. 264). Heinrich Barth (1821–1865) was a German explorer and scholar of North Africa. He spoke Arabic, Fulani, Hausa and Kanuri, meaning he carefully documented the details of the cultures he visited. He traveled through the Western and Central Savana region between 1850 and 1855, which he published in a three-volume account in both English and German. In 1853, Barth and Ali Babba bin Bello, the Sultan of Sokoto, negotiated an extensive trade agreement.
Henry [Heinrich] Barth, Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa : Being a Journal of an Expedition, Undertaken under the Auspices of H. B. M'.s Government, in the Years 1849-1855, vol. 2 (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1857), facing title page.
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"Músgu Chief", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed February 2, 2023, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2278