Négresses faisant le Takie-Takie
"Negro women doing the Takie-Takie" (caption translation). Three enslaved women dressed in every day clothing engaged in conversation in Takie-Takie, which Benoit referred to as a language and is likely Sranan. This language combines grammatical elements of English, West African and indigenous American languages with vocabulary elements mainly of English and Dutch origin. Pierre Jacques Benoit (1782-1854) was a Belgian artist, who visited the Dutch colony of Suriname on his own initiative for several months in 1831. He stayed in Paramaribo, but visited plantations, maroon communities and indigenous villages inland.
"Figure 35" in Pierre Jacques Benoit, Voyage à Surinam; description des possessions néerlandaises dans la Guyane (Bruxelles: Société des Beaux-Arts de Wasme et Laurent, 1839).
Benoit, Pierre Jacques
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"Négresses faisant le Takie-Takie", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed February 23, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2361