L'Hôpital civil et militaire
"The Civil and Military Hospital" (caption translation). This engraving shows three enslaved women and a girl in the foreground. Benoit wrote that "their feet are bare because only free people of color have the right to wear shoes" (p. 21). He added "the civil and military hospital is in the background. Sick people are transported to the hospital in a type of box covered by canvas." Pierre Jacques Benoit (1782-1854) was a Belgian artist, who visited the Dutch colony of Suriname on his own initiative for several months in 1831. He stayed in Paramaribo, but visited plantations, maroon communities and indigenous villages inland.
"Figure 15" in Pierre Jacques Benoit, Voyage à Surinam; description des possessions néerlandaises dans la Guyane (Bruxelles: Société des Beaux-Arts de Wasme et Laurent, 1839).
Benoit, Pierre Jacques
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"L'Hôpital civil et militaire", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed February 27, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2393