Victims of Portuguese Slave Hunters
The image title is misleading and incorrect because the slave traders are not Portuguese. The image shows a line of men and women lashed together by ropes, guarded by a horse-mounted slave trader, who was likely a Mande speaker or Soninke (Sarakole) or Dioula (Jula). The illustration in Buel's volume was, in fact, taken from Joseph Simon Gallièni, Mission d'exploration du Haut-Niger: Voyage au Soudan Francais (Paris, 1885), p. 525. Therein, the caption reads Le Mana-Oulè et caravan d'esclaves, or "The Mana-Oulè and Caravan of Slaves." Mana-Oulè is the rocky geological formation shown in the background located in the Senegambia region.
J. W. Buel, Heroes of the Dark Continent (New York, 1890), p. 66; also, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-32008.
Gallièni, Joseph Simon
Image is in the public domain. Metadata is available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International.
"Victims of Portuguese Slave Hunters", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed December 1, 2023, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2522