Nègres a fond de calle
"Negroes at the bottom of the hold" (caption translations). This image shows men, women, children below deck, with European sailors/guards. Johann Moritz Rugendas (1802–1858) was a German painter, famous for his works depicting landscapes and ethnographic subjects in the Americas, in the first half of the nineteenth century. Rugendas arrived in Brazil in 1822, hired as an illustrator for Baron von Langsdorff's scientific expedition. Rugendas remained on his own in Brazil until 1825, exploring and recording his many impressions of daily life in the provinces of Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, and quickly the coastal provinces of Bahia and Pernambuco on his journey back to Europe. He produced mostly drawings and watercolors. He returned to Europe and between 1827 and 1835 he published his book with the help of Victor Aimé Huber. For an analysis of Rugendas' drawings, as these were informed by his anti-slavery views, see Robert W. Slenes, African Abrahams, Lucretias and Men of Sorrows: Allegory and Allusion in the Brazilian Anti-slavery Lithographs (1827-1835) of Johann Moritz Rugendas (Slavery & Abolition, vol. 23 , p. 147-168).
Johann Moritz Rugendas, Voyage Pittoresque dans le Bresil. Traduit de l'Allemand (Paris, 1835; also published in same year in German). Reprinted in Viagem Pitoresca Atravès do Brasil (Rio de Janeiro, 1972), and in color from original water colors, in Viagem Pitoresca Atravès do Brasil (Editora Itatiaia Limitada, Editora da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 1989). Both 1835 French and German editions were published in black/white.
Rugendas, Johann Moritz
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"Nègres a fond de calle", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed April 2, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2557