Ile de France: Palanquin
Ile de France refers to the island of Mauritius off the coast of Madagascar. This image shows four possible enslaved men carrying a palanquin or covered litter. On the right, a man is being shaved by a barber by the side of what appears to be a wood plank house. The palanquin was described in the list of plates as "a type of carriage/coach used by the rich [white] colonists of this country." This engraving, by Lerouge and Bernard, but based on a drawing by Jacques Arago, was published in an elaborate Atlas of 112 plates, some in color, based on drawings made by various artists during a French geographical expedition in the early nineteenth century. The expedition visited Rio in in Dec. 1817-Feb. 1818. The Atlas accompanies a multi-volume account of the expedition, and is sometimes cataloged under the authorship of Ministere de la Marine et des Colonies, rather than Freycinet, the commander of the expedition. Louis Claude de Saulces de Freycinet (1779–1841) was a French navigator, who circumnavigated the earth, and in 1811, published the first map to show a full outline of the coastline of Australia.
Louis de Freycinet, Voyage Autour du Monde: entrepris par ordre du roi . . . pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820 . . . Atlas Historique par M[onsieu]rs. J. Arago, A Pellion etc. (Paris, 1825), plate 10 (copy in Firestone Library, Rare Books, Princeton University).
de Freycinet, Louis
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"Ile de France: Palanquin", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed February 27, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2628