'Goree,' or Slave-Stick
David Livingstone does not appear to describe this slave stick, which consisted of a forked branch which was the same size of a neck so the head cannot pass through it. The two ends of the fork contained holes so that an iron pin could close off the fork across the neck. The term Goree likely refers to Gorée Island in the Senegambia region, although this image depicts enslaved people from East Central Africa and the Great Lakes region. David Livingstone (1813–1873) was a famous Scottish physician, Christian missionary, explorer and abolitionist. His interest was to locate the source of the Nile River. His missionary work also reinforced the European “Scramble for Africa” and the colonization of the continent. See images LCP-12, PRO-4 and Mariners09.
David and Charles Livingstone, Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries; and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864 (London, 1865), p. 125).
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"'Goree,' or Slave-Stick", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed February 23, 2020, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2653