Primera historia: Cristiano Ne[gro]
“First History: Negro Christian” (caption translation). Poma de Ayala described in the image “Devout black Christians from the stock of unacculturated black slaves from Africa ('Guinea') say the rosary before an image of the Virgin Mary.” Felipe Huaman Poma de Ayala (1535–c. 1616), also known as Guamán Poma or Wamán Poma, was a Quechua nobleman from southern Peru known for chronicling the ill treatment of indigenous groups in the Andes after the Spanish conquest. He wrote this over 1,200-page manuscript between 1600 and 1615. It included 398 full-page drawings - seven of which depict enslaved Africans. The original manuscript is in the Danish Royal Library, Copenhagen and a complete digital facsimile, which includes the drawings, is available The Guaman Poma website. The title translations we use are taken from the website. The drawing is in Chapter 25, image 275, of the original manuscript. See also Frederick P. Bowser, The African Slave in Colonial Peru, 1524-1650 (Stanford University Press, 1974), passim, for the historical context of this drawing.
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, El primer nueva coronica y buen gobierno; edited by John Murra and Rolena Adorno with translations from Quechua by Jorge L. Urioste (Mexico, 1980; a facsimile edition), vol. 2, p. 663.
Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe
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"Primera historia: Cristiano Ne[gro]", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed September 30, 2023, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2662