Festival, Havana, Cuba, 1847
This sketch of the Twelfth Day Festival, or Day of the Kings, as it is called in Havana was taken by an English visitor to Havana on 6 January 1847, and sent to the Illustrated London News which reports It represents an annual custom--a kind of Saturnalia--permitted by the authorities to the Slaves or Negroes of what they call 'Nacion,' or Nation--that is to say, those born in Africa . . . (p. 148). Note, musical instruments and elaborate costumes, representing different ethnic groups. For a related illustration of this festival, see image Album-8 on this website. For details on Havana's annual El Dia de Reyes festival, see Daniel E. Walker, No More, No More: Slavery and Cultural Resistance in Havana and New Orleans (Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2004).
The Illustrated London News (Jan. 15, 1848), vol. 12, p. 26.
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"Festival, Havana, Cuba, 1847 ", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed December 1, 2023, http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2801